- Typical coloration of the Caribou is brown, shaggy
fur with a whitish neck and mane. The muzzle is large
and blunt with short and broad ears and a short tail.
Large, crescent shaped hooves which have sharp edges
ensure good footing. The antlers of adult male Caribou
are massive compared to those of the female and are
erect and spreading with flattened brow tines that point
forward and downward over the forehead.
- The Caribou inhabits the arctic tundra, alpine tundra
and northern boreal forests of North America, Russia,
Norway, Sweden and Finland. In the European countries,
Caribou are called reindeer. They reside throughout
all of British Columbia in the Coast Mountains to the
Rockies and in the Columbia, Selkirk and Monashee Mountain
- This species is among the most migratory of all animals.
They feed on lichens, mushrooms, grasses, sedges and
other green plants in the summer and twigs, horsetails,
and willow in the winter. Caribou are great swimmers
and run at speeds of up to 50 mph. The spongy foot pads
provide traction on boggy summer tundra and in the winter
when the pads have shrunk, hardened and are covered
with tufts of hair, the hoof rim bites into ice or crusted
snow to prevent slipping.